Postgraduate research is always made to be complicated, but it is not at all. Research as a discipline is fun. One needs to understand the key philosophical paradigms as follows:
(1) Positivism – the stance of the natural scientist
(2) Realism – direct and critical realism
(3) Interpretivism – researchers as ‘social actors’
(4) Axiology – studies judgements about the value
(5) Critical theory – studies the realm of ideas and concepts.
The next step is to understand the Research Approach. Study the two divisions in approaches in terms of:
(1) Inductive Reasoning Approach
(2) Deductive Reasoning Approach
(3) Abductive Reasoning Approach ( this is not often prefered as an approach y most researchers).
Once you have studied the three approaches and clearly understand them, the next logical step is to decide on the method. At G-CAR (Global Centre for Academic Research) we have tools which I call “Acid Test”, this is where we put your Research Topic under this test to determine the best method. Research methods include:
(1) Quantitative Methods – you examine relationships between variables by testing the hypothesis.
(2) Qualitative Methods – you explore meaning, perceptions, opinions and views of your populations regarding a particular issue or case.
(3) Mixed Methods
Once you have determined the method you need to take, it is important to consider a strategy you are going to use (Research Strategy). Please note that Research Strategy and Research Methodology, although often used interchangeably in Social Science Research, do not mean the same thing.
For more information, please register for the Colloquium at Esselen Park, Kempton Park, Gauteng on 25th to 26th August 2018 on https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1VyXY0in1co2H1dCOc4-x4z7w12QdU7lsgElVp9uLYLc/edit. Visit researchglobal.net or our learning portal at vleresearch.net for more information.