Many skills-universe members will be able to relate to the content and conclusions of this book. As trainers and educators, and facilitators of workplace learning it will be clear that everyone comes to the learning experience from a different background. Not only in ability but in all the daily life obstacles and advantages. A recent ILO publication pointed out that women daily spend an additional few hours in domestic tasks compared to men, so for working women that is less time to read and prepare projects such as portfolios of evidence.
This UCT publication focuses on students who have managed to gain access to an elite university with a very specific cultural tradition. How is this experienced by the students – and how does it affect their learning – and ultimately their success? Given the high drop out and failure rates we experience not only from university programmes, but also from trade tests, and other workplace interventions such as: learnerships, AET – this is a valuable contribution to our understanding to all levels of post-school education and training.
“Academics from the University of Cape Town have published a topical and insightful book which addresses the issue of students’ multiple transitions in and out of the higher education system. The book, Negotiating learning and identity in higher education: Access, Persistence and Retention, is edited by Dr Bongi Bangeni and Professor Rochelle Kapp.
The book offers a snapshot of eight years of collaborative, longitudinal research involving over 100 students, ten collaborators and five research assistants, to locate the synergies in university students’ experiences across disciplines. The book traces how students, particularly black working-class students enrolled in the Academic Development Programme at UCT across five faculties, navigate their learning and how they constantly reposition themselves in relation to their home, their disciplines and the institution.
But why identity? Dr Bangeni and Prof Kapp responded: “Identity is central to learning. The study illustrates how, over the years, participants realise that they can enact different identities in different contexts. This becomes a way of responding to the angst attached to straddling those contexts and the fear of losing connection with the norms and values that characterise their home environments.”
Likewise, the authors relate how students’ identities and trajectories are shaped by their perceptions of the spaces they occupy.
Dr Bangeni elaborated: “In the post-apartheid context, where geopolitics of space continue to frame debates around social justice and redress, students develop nuanced narratives about the institution, as more than simply an alienating or safe space. They absorb and resist particular institutional discourses, identifying those that would facilitate or hinder their agency.”
Prof Kapp added: “These narratives come at a critical juncture in the South African higher education context, where increasingly, issues of access and inclusivity need to be tackled. The case studies presented in the book culminate in a series of recommendations, which call for revisiting the notion of access to higher education.”
Dr Bangeni and Prof Kapp adopt the term “meaningful access” to look beyond admission and cover issues of participation and retention. As it stands, the participation rate among African and Coloured students is 16% and 14% respectively. According to the 2013 Council on Higher Education Proposal for undergraduate curriculum reform, success in higher education among African and Coloured students, based on these performance trends, is estimated at 5%.
For Dr Bangeni and Prof Kapp, inclusivity does not stop at attempts at making the curriculum more relevant, but is also about how disciplinary content gets taught and assessed. Diverse models of support, stemming from the collaborative nature of the research project itself, feature as ways of supporting staff and students beyond the first year.
The recommendations also stress the value of flexible degree pathways, and the need to bridge the divide between school and university by supporting students and teachers.
Prof Kapp concluded: “High school teachers’ voices need to be heard”. This is one of the ways of taking cognisance of the spaces beyond the institution that permeate and impinge on the higher education landscape.”